Asphalt Driveway Paving


At Tiger Paving, we pride ourselves on our reputation and extensive experience across various industries. We specialize in creating asphalt paving projects that endure over time, especially in Alberta’s challenging climate. Our commitment to sustainability and durability means that all our asphalt projects are built to last, withstanding significant wear and tear by using robust materials and following industry best practices.

Considering paving your driveway with asphalt but not sure where to start?

Discover why asphalt is a cost-effective and durable option, learn how to maintain your driveway, and understand the factors that can affect the overall cost of the project.

Whether you’re a beginner or looking for expert tips, this article has everything you need to know about asphalt driveway paving in Calgary.

What is Asphalt Driveway Paving?

Asphalt driveway paving involves the process of creating a durable and cost-effective surface for vehicles to drive and park on.

One of the key benefits of opting for an asphalt driveway in Calgary  is its longevity and ability to withstand heavy loads and harsh weather conditions. The materials commonly used in this type of residential paving include a mixture of aggregates, binder, and filler. Asphalt contractors play a crucial role in meticulously preparing the base, applying the asphalt mixture, and compacting it to ensure a smooth and even surface.

The entire process of asphalt driveway paving requires precision and expertise to achieve a high-quality finish that enhances the curb appeal and functionality of a property. Homeowners often choose asphalt paving for its quick installation time and affordability compared to other paving options. When well-maintained, an asphalt driveway can provide years of reliable service, making it a popular choice among residential property owners.

What are the Benefits of Asphalt Driveway Paving?

Asphalt driveway paving offers numerous benefits to homeowners, including cost-effectiveness, durability, and ease of maintenance.


One of the primary benefits of asphalt driveway paving is its cost-effectiveness, making it a budget-friendly option for homeowners.

When considering the overall cost advantages of using asphalt for driveway paving, it’s essential to factor in not just the upfront expenses but also the long-term savings it offers. Asphalt is known for its durability and low maintenance requirements, meaning less frequent repairs and replacements, leading to significant cost savings over time.

Working with experienced contractors who specialize in asphalt paving can further enhance these cost benefits. These professionals have the expertise to efficiently complete the project, reducing labor costs and ensuring the quality of the installation, ultimately adding value to the homeowner.


Asphalt driveway paving is known for its durability, able to withstand varying weather conditions and heavy vehicle traffic.

One of the key factors contributing to the durability of asphalt surfaces is their ability to resist the damaging effects of elements like rain, snow, and extreme temperatures.

The flexibility of asphalt allows it to expand and contract with the changing weather, preventing cracks and potholes from forming due to frost heave or heat-induced expansion. These qualities make asphalt overlay a popular choice for driveways, parking lots, and roads that experience high levels of traffic.

Easy to Maintain

Maintaining an asphalt driveway is relatively simple, requiring periodic cleaning and aftercare to ensure its longevity.

Regular sweeping to remove debris and occasional washing with a hose or pressure washer can help prevent staining and prolong the life of the asphalt surface. Sealing the driveway every few years provides added protection against cracking and fading caused by UV exposure and weather elements, further enhancing its durability.

What are the Steps for Asphalt Driveway Paving?

The process of asphalt driveway paving involves several key steps, including preparing the ground, laying the base, applying the asphalt, and compacting the surface.

Before the actual paving begins, the ground needs to be properly graded and compacted to ensure a stable foundation. This step is critical to prevent future issues such as cracks and potholes.

Once the base is set, a binder layer is applied to enhance adhesion between the base and the final asphalt layer. The next phase involves laying the asphalt mixture using specialized equipment, which needs to be done efficiently and evenly to achieve a smooth surface. The surface is compacted using heavy rollers to ensure durability and a uniform finish.

Preparing the Ground

Ground preparation is a crucial initial step in asphalt driveway paving, ensuring a stable and uniform base for the asphalt layers.

Excavation involves removing any existing surface material and debris to create a clean slate for the new driveway. Proper grading is then done to ensure proper water drainage and a level surface, preventing water accumulation and potential damage. After grading, compaction is essential to densely pack the soil and create a strong foundation. Contractors play a key role in assessing the property and determining the specific requirements for ground preparation based on factors like soil type, slope, and local climate conditions.

Laying the Base

Laying the base involves the installation of a foundational layer that supports the asphalt surface and enhances its structural integrity.

This base layer serves as a crucial element in the asphalt paving process, playing a key role in ensuring the durability and longevity of the pavement. To achieve optimal results, selecting the right materials for the base layer is essential. Common choices include crushed stone, gravel, and sand, with each offering specific benefits in terms of drainage, stability, and compaction.

Proper compaction techniques are vital to prevent future issues such as settling or deterioration. Utilizing compactors and rollers, the base layer is firmly packed to create a solid foundation for the asphalt layer to follow. By incorporating interlocking stone or retaining walls where necessary, it further reinforces the structural strength of the overall paving project.

Applying the Asphalt

The application of asphalt is a critical step in driveway paving, as it creates the smooth surface that vehicles will drive on.

When applying asphalt, it is essential to ensure proper preparation of the base layer to promote stability and durability. The first step involves cleaning the surface and repairing any cracks or potholes to create a solid foundation.

Once the base is ready, the hot asphalt mix is poured and spread evenly using specialized machinery. Techniques such as rolling and compacting are then employed to achieve a uniform and seamless surface that can withstand heavy vehicle traffic.

Compacting the Asphalt

Compacting the asphalt ensures proper density and smoothness, essential for the longevity and performance of the driveway surface.

Regarding cold mix asphalt, the process of compacting plays a crucial role in creating a durable and stable surface. Proper compaction methods, such as rolling and vibrating the layers, help in eliminating air voids and achieving uniform density throughout the pavement, which in turn enhances the overall strength and load-bearing capacity of the driveway.

Quality assurance measures like conducting density tests, using proper equipment, and maintaining optimal temperature during compaction are vital in ensuring that the asphalt layers are compacted effectively. These measures not only contribute to the structural integrity of the pavement but also help in preventing issues such as rutting, cracking, and premature deterioration.

How Long Does Asphalt Driveway Paving Take?

The duration of asphalt driveway paving can vary depending on the size of the project and weather conditions, with most installations completed within a few days.

For smaller residential projects, such as individual driveways, the process typically takes anywhere from one to three days to complete. Factors like the intricacy of the design, the need for any additional features like drainage systems, and the quality of the existing base can impact this timeline.

On the other hand, larger commercial projects may span over several weeks or even months. The size and complexity of such undertakings demand meticulous planning, precise execution, and adherence to strict safety protocols.

What is the Cost of Asphalt Driveway Paving?

The cost of asphalt driveway paving is influenced by several factors, including the size of the driveway, type of asphalt used, and additional services required.

Regarding asphalt paving projects, getting accurate quotes from multiple contractors is crucial. These quotes should ideally outline the breakdown of costs, including materials, labor, equipment, and any potential extras. Factors such as the business address of the paving company can also affect pricing, as location can impact transportation costs and availability of resources.

Opting for cost-saving measures like scheduling the project during off-peak seasons or bundling services together can help reduce overall expenses. Understanding the various cost considerations and negotiating effectively with contractors can lead to a successful and budget-friendly asphalt paving project.

What are the Factors that Affect the Cost of Asphalt Driveway Paving?

Several factors impact the cost of asphalt driveway paving, such as the size of the driveway, condition of the ground, accessibility, and the type of asphalt chosen for the project.

Size of the Driveway

The size of the driveway directly correlates with the overall cost of asphalt paving, as larger surfaces require more materials and labor.

Cost implications for driveway size in asphalt paving projects can vary significantly based on the square footage of the area to be paved. Contractors often calculate pricing using square footage rates, where the cost per square foot decreases with increasing driveway size due to economies of scale. For smaller driveways, the price per square foot may be higher compared to larger driveways as fixed costs are spread out over a larger area.

Technology advancements have also streamlined the estimation process, utilizing digital tools to accurately measure surface areas and allocate costs accordingly.

Condition of the Ground

The condition of the ground where the driveway will be paved can impact the project cost, especially if extensive preparation or repairs are needed.

Proper assessment of soil stability is vital as unstable soil may require more substantial sub-base adjustments, increasing labor and material costs. In areas prone to poor drainage, additional measures such as installing adequate drainage systems can be necessary to prevent water accumulation that could deteriorate the pavement over time. Testimonials from previous projects often emphasize the importance of investing in a solid foundation to enhance the longevity of the exposed aggregate paving. These factors, collectively, play a significant role in determining the overall cost of an asphalt paving project.


The accessibility of the project site can affect the cost of asphalt driveway paving, particularly if special equipment or accommodations are required.

Contractors and crews may face logistical challenges when navigating difficult terrains or areas with limited access. In such instances, additional time and resources may be needed to transport machinery and materials to the site, resulting in potential surcharges.

Site accessibility is a crucial factor considered during the project planning phase, as it directly impacts the efficiency of the paving process. Poor access can lead to delays and increased labor costs, making it essential for contractors to evaluate the site conditions beforehand to minimize expenses and ensure smooth project execution.

Type of Asphalt Used

The choice of asphalt material for the driveway can significantly influence the overall cost of the paving project, with premium options costing more than standard mixes.

Regarding asphalt types, factors like durability, appearance, and maintenance requirements play a crucial role in determining the final price. Higher-grade materials, such as polymer-modified asphalt or porous asphalt, offer enhanced strength and longevity, making them pricier options but ensuring long-term savings by reducing the need for frequent repairs.

In contrast, basic asphalt mixes may come at a lower upfront cost, but they are typically more susceptible to cracks, potholes, and color fading, requiring more frequent maintenance and repairs over time. This difference in quality directly impacts the overall expenditure on the driveway paving project.

How to Maintain an Asphalt Driveway?

Maintaining an asphalt driveway involves regular cleaning, surface sealing to protect against weather damage, and prompt repairs for cracks or potholes.

Regarding asphalt driveway maintenance, regular sweeping and removing debris is essential to prevent staining and deterioration. Use a gentle cleaning solution and a stiff brush to remove oil stains, followed by a thorough rinse. Applying a high-quality sealant every 2-3 years can significantly prolong the lifespan of the driveway by preventing water infiltration and UV damage. For effective repair, fill in cracks with a suitable filler and address potholes promptly to avoid further deterioration.

Regular Cleaning

Regular cleaning is essential to preserve the appearance and integrity of an asphalt driveway, preventing dirt buildup and potential damage.

Asphalt driveways can easily accumulate various types of debris, such as leaves, dirt, oil spills, and even mold or mildew. To ensure longevity and a well-maintained look, it’s crucial to regularly remove this debris using a combination of methods. Begin by sweeping the surface to get rid of loose particles, then target tougher stains with a solution of warm water and detergent. For persistent stains like oil spills, consider using a commercial degreaser.

Overgrown vegetation along the edges or in cracks can cause structural issues over time. Using a weed killer or manually uprooting the plants will not only improve the aesthetics of the driveway but also prevent further damage. By incorporating these cleaning practices into your maintenance routine, you can prolong the life of your asphalt driveway and avoid costly repairs down the line.

Sealing the Surface

Sealing the asphalt surface is a protective measure that extends its lifespan and enhances its resistance to weather elements and UV exposure.

Applying a high-quality sealant helps in preventing water penetration, which is crucial for maintaining the structural integrity of the driveway. By sealing cracks and voids, the sealant acts as a barrier against oil stains, chemicals, and other harmful substances that can degrade the surface.

Timing is crucial when it comes to resealing. It is generally recommended to reapply the sealant every two to five years, depending on the usage and climate conditions. Regular maintenance and timely resealing not only protect the driveway but also enhance its aesthetics, giving it a fresh and well-maintained look.

Repairing Cracks and Potholes

Timely repair of cracks and potholes is crucial for maintaining the structural integrity and functionality of an asphalt driveway.

In places with harsh winters, the freeze-thaw cycle can exacerbate surface damages on asphalt driveways. When water seeps into the cracks and freezes, it expands, causing the cracks to widen and potholes to form. To prevent further deterioration, prompt repair is essential. Common repair techniques involve filling the cracks with specialized sealants or patching the potholes with asphalt mixture. These materials are designed to withstand varying temperatures and provide a durable fix.

Neglecting these repairs can lead to more extensive damage and costly renovations. Ignoring minor cracks can result in water seepage beneath the surface, compromising the structural stability of the driveway over time. What may start as a small crack can eventually escalate into larger fissures and even complete pavement failure if left unattended.

What are the Common Problems with Asphalt Driveways?

Asphalt driveways may encounter common issues such as cracking, fading of color, and drainage problems, requiring proper maintenance and repairs.

These challenges often arise due to various factors like weather fluctuations, heavy vehicles, and improper installation.

Cracking in asphalt driveways can result from freezing and thawing cycles, causing the surface to weaken over time. Constant exposure to sunlight can lead to color deterioration, giving the driveway a worn-out appearance. Inadequate drainage can cause water to pool, leading to erosion and further damage.


Cracking is a common problem in asphalt driveways caused by factors like weather changes, heavy loads, or improper installation.

Weather changes, especially the freeze-thaw cycle, can lead to expansion and contraction in the asphalt, causing it to crack over time. Heavy vehicles exerting pressure on the driveway’s surface can also contribute to cracks forming. If the initial installation was not done properly, with insufficient thickness or poor quality materials, it can make the driveway more prone to cracking.


Fading of color in asphalt driveways can occur due to prolonged sun exposure, inadequate sealing, or chemical reactions with de-icing agents.

Over time, the ultraviolet rays from the sun break down the binder that holds the asphalt together, leading to color degradation. In addition, if the driveway is not properly sealed, it becomes more susceptible to water penetration, causing further damage.

Choosing the right sealant can help protect the asphalt surface from color fading. A high-quality sealant acts as a barrier, preventing UV rays, moisture, and chemicals from penetrating the asphalt. Regularly applying sealant can extend the lifespan of the driveway and maintain its vibrant color.

Regarding preventing discoloration, the choice of materials is crucial. Opting for asphalt mixes with higher durability and color retention properties can help minimize color fading over time.

Drainage Issues

Drainage issues in asphalt driveways can lead to water pooling, erosion, and structural damage if not addressed promptly through proper grading or drainage solutions.

When water pools on the surface of an asphalt driveway, it can seep into cracks and weaken the foundation, accelerating wear and tear over time. This can result in potholes, cracks, and overall deterioration, affecting the aesthetics and functionality of the driveway. Addressing these drainage issues is essential to prevent costly repairs and ensure the longevity of the pavement. Effective water management techniques such as installing drains, improving surface grading, or considering exposed aggregate paving can help redirect water away from the driveway, minimizing potential damages.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is asphalt driveway paving and why is it a popular choice for driveways?

Asphalt driveway paving is the process of laying down a smooth, durable surface made of asphalt for a driveway. It is a popular choice for driveways due to its affordability, easy maintenance, and ability to withstand harsh weather conditions.

2. How long does it take to install an asphalt driveway?

The time it takes to install an asphalt driveway varies depending on the size and complexity of the project. However, on average, it takes 1-3 days for a professional team to complete the installation process.

3. Can I pave my own asphalt driveway or should I hire a professional?

While it is possible to pave your own asphalt driveway, it is not recommended unless you have experience and proper equipment. Hiring a professional ensures a high-quality and long-lasting driveway, saving you time and potential costly mistakes.

4. How do I maintain my asphalt driveway?

To maintain your asphalt driveway, regular cleaning and sealing are essential. Sweep away debris and hose down any spills or stains. Sealing every 2-5 years helps to prevent cracks and extend the lifespan of your driveway.

5. Can an asphalt driveway be repaired if it gets damaged?

Yes, an asphalt driveway can be repaired if it gets damaged. Small cracks can be filled with a cold patch and larger cracks or potholes may require professional repair. It is important to address any damages promptly to prevent further deterioration.

6. Is it possible to customize the color of an asphalt driveway?

Yes, it is possible to customize the color of an asphalt driveway. While the traditional color is black, there are options for adding pigments or colored sealants to achieve a different look. This allows for more aesthetic flexibility and can help to blend the driveway with the surrounding landscape.